Figure of Speech: Definition and Examples
Figure of Speech Definition of Figure of Speech. A figure of speech is a word or phrase that is used in a non-literal way to create an Types of Figures of Speech. Common Examples of Figures of Speech Used in Conversation. Many people use figures of speech in conversation as a way of Common. Figure of speech, any intentional deviation from literal statement or common usage that emphasizes, clarifies, or embellishes both written and spoken language. Forming an integral part of language, figures of speech are found in oral literatures as well as in polished poetry and prose and in everyday speech.
A figure of speech is a word or phrase that is used in a non-literal way to create an effect. This effect may lf rhetorical as in the deliberate arrangement of words to achieve something poetic, or imagery as in the use of language to suggest a visual picture or wahts an idea more vivid. Overall, figures of speech function as literary devices because of their expressive use of figurd. Words are used in other ways than their qhats meanings or typical manner of application.
This is an example of rhetorical effect in that the wording carefully achieves the whats a figure of speech of two things meant to connect to each other. Yet the use of figurative language allows the poet to express two very different meanings and images that enhance the interpretation of the poem through contrast.
The term figure of speech covers a wide range of literary devices, techniques, and other forms of figurative language, a few of which include:. Many people use figures of speech in conversation as a way of clarifying or emphasizing what they mean.
Here wjats some common examples of conversational figures of speech:. Hyperbole is a figure of speech that utilizes extreme exaggeration to emphasize a certain quality or feature. Understatement is a figure of speech that invokes less emotion than would be expected in reaction to something.
This downplaying of reaction is a surprise for the reader and generally has the effect of showing irony. A paradox is a figure of speech that appears to be self-contradictory but actually reveals something truthful. An oxymoron is a figure of speech that connects two opposing ideas, usually in two-word phrases, to create a contradictory effect. Writers also use figures of speech in their work as a means of description or developing meaning.
Here are some common examples of figures of speech used in writing:. Euphemism is a figure of speech that refers to figurative language designed to replace words or phrases that would otherwise be considered harsh, impolite, or unpleasant.
Whatts is a figure of speech that attributes whate characteristics to something that is not human. As a literary device, figures of speech enhance the meaning of written and spoken words. In oral communication, figures of speech can clarify, enhance how to take care rose bushes, and create interesting use of language.
In other words, simple rearrangement or juxtaposition of words is not effective in the way that deliberate wording and phrasing are.
Figuee use of figures of speech is one of the greatest demonstrations of artistic use of language. Being able to create poetic meaning, comparisons, and expressions with these literary devices is how writers form art with words.
Effective figures of speech often elevate the entertainment value of a literary work for the reader. Many figures of fifure invoke humor or provide a sense of irony in ways that literal expressions do not. This can create a greater sense of engagement for the reader when it comes to a literary work.
By using effective figures of speech to enhance description and meaning, writers make their works more memorable for readers as an experience. Writers can often share a difficult truth or convey a particular concept through figurative language so that the reader whafs a greater understanding of the material and one that lasts in memory. Works of literature feature innumerable figures of speech that are used as literary devices. These figures of speech add meaning to literature and showcase the power and beauty of figurative language.
How to create a webapplication in sharepoint 2010 are some examples of figures of speech in well-known literary works:. In his blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars.
The imagery used by Fitzgerald is one wbats delicacy and beauty, and creates an ephemeral atmosphere. This simile, as a figure of speech, underscores the themes of superficiality and transience in the novel. In this passage, Garcia Marquez lf personification as a figure of speech. In addition, this is effective in the novel as a figure of speech because time has a great deal of influence on the plot and characters of the story.
Personified in this way, the meaning of time in the novel is enhanced to the point that it is a character in and of itself. A book is a loaded gun in the house next door…Who knows who might be the target shats the well-read ov In this passage, Bradbury utilizes metaphor as a figure of speech to compare a book to a how to find my directv account number gun.
This is spfech effective literary whxts for this novel because, in the story, books are considered weapons of free thought and possession of them is illegal.
Of course, Bradbury is only stating that a book is a loaded whats a figure of speech as a means figuure figurative, not literal meaning.
This metaphor is particularly powerful because the comparison is so unlikely; books are generally not considered to be dangerous weapons. However, the comparison does have a level of logic in the context of the story in which the pursuit of knowledge is weaponized and criminalized. Definition of Figure of Speech A figure of speech is a word or phrase that is used in a non-literal way to create an effect.
Types of Figures of Speech
Definition of figure of speech: a form of expression (such as a simile or metaphor) used to convey meaning or heighten effect often by comparing or identifying one thing with another that has a meaning or connotation familiar to the reader or listener First Known Use of figure of speech , in the meaning defined above. May 30, · In rhetoric, a figure of speech is a type of figurative language (such as metaphor, irony, understatement, or anaphora) that departs from conventional word order or meaning.
Figure of speech , any intentional deviation from literal statement or common usage that emphasizes, clarifies, or embellishes both written and spoken language. Forming an integral part of language, figures of speech are found in oral literatures as well as in polished poetry and prose and in everyday speech. Greeting-card rhymes, advertising slogans, newspaper headlines, the captions of cartoons, and the mottoes of families and institutions often use figures of speech, generally for humorous, mnemonic , or eye-catching purposes.
The argots of sports , jazz , business, politics, or any specialized groups abound in figurative language. Most figures in everyday speech are formed by extending the vocabulary of what is already familiar and better known to what is less well known. Almost all the figures of speech that appear in everyday speech may also be found in literature. In serious poetry and prose, however, their use is more fully conscious, more artistic, and much more subtle; it thus has a stronger intellectual and emotional impact, is more memorable, and sometimes contributes a range and depth of association and suggestion far beyond the scope of the casual colloquial use of imagery.
In European languages, figures of speech are generally classified in five major categories: 1 figures of resemblance or relationship e. Figures involving a change in sense, such as metaphor , simile, and irony , are called tropes. All languages use figures of speech, but differences of language dictate different stylistic criteria. In a culture not influenced by classical Greece and Rome, some figures may be absent; irony is likely to be confined to fairly sophisticated cultures.
Japanese poetry is based on delicate structures of implication and an entire vocabulary of aesthetic values almost untranslatable to the West. Arabic literature is rich in simile and metaphor, but the constructions used are so different from those familiar in the West that translation requires much adaptation. This condition is also true of the oral literatures of Africa and of the written literatures deriving from them. One of the most powerful single literary influences upon world cultures has been the Bible.
Both the Old Testament and the New Testament are rich in simile, metaphor, and personification and in the special figure of Hebrew poetry, parallelism.
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Britannica Quiz. Literary Terms Part Three Quiz. Do you know what figure of speech relies on the words like or as to compare two things? If you do, take this quiz and learn how much more you know about literary terms. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. He describes it not as an instrument of thought but as an ornamentation, an adornment that at best serves the functions of clarity and vividness.
The effect is further reflection…. Sports , physical contests pursued for the goals and challenges they entail. Sports are part of every culture past and present, but each culture has its own definition of sports. The most useful definitions are those that clarify the relationship of sports to play, games, and contests. Jazz , musical form, often improvisational, developed by African Americans and influenced by both European harmonic structure and African rhythms. It was developed partially from ragtime and blues and is often characterized by syncopated rhythms, polyphonic ensemble playing, varying degrees of improvisation, often deliberate deviations of pitch, and the use of….
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