Meningitis Fast Facts
Meningococcal disease is often misdiagnosed as something less serious because early symptoms are similar to influenza and other common viral illnesses. Symptoms may include some combination of high fever, headache, stiff neck, confusion, nausea, vomiting, exhaustion, and a purplish rash. Sep 02, · General Information Meningitis is caused by the inflammation of the protective membranes (known as meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord. The inflammation is typically caused by an infection.
So,e is an inflammation swelling of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis. It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the treatment differs depending on the cause. Meningitis caused by bacteria can be deadly and requires immediate medical attention.
Vaccines are available to help protect against meingitis kinds of bacterial meningitis. Meningitis caused by viruses is serious but often is less severe than bacterial meningitis. People with normal immune systems who get viral meningitis usually get better on their own.
There are vaccines to prevent some kinds of viral meningitis. Meningitis caused by fungi is how to start online clothing business philippines, but people can get it by inhaling fungal spores from the environment. People with certain medical conditions, like diabetes, cancer, or HIV, are at higher risk of fungal meningitis.
Various parasites can cause meningitis or can affect the brain or nervous system in other ways. Overall, parasitic meningitis is much less common than viral and bacterial meningitis.
Primary amebic meningoencephalitis PAM is a rare and devastating infection of the brain caused by Naegleria onteresting. Naegleria fowleri is a free-living microscopic ameba that lives in warm water and soil. Sometimes cancers, systemic lupus erythematosus lupuscertain drugs, head injury, and brain surgery can cause meningitis.
Generally, the germs that cause bacterial meningitis spread from one person to another. Certain germs can spread through food. How people spread the germs often depends on the type of bacteria. Read about common examples of how people spread the different types of bacteria to each other. How to turn off secure empty trash on mac can spread the viruses that cause viral meningitis to other people.
If you have close contact with cacts who has viral meningitis, they may spread the virus to you. However, you are not likely to develop meningitis.
Meningococcal disease is any illness caused by a type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. These illnesses are serious and include meningitis and bloodstream infections septicemia.
More about meningococcal disease…. Get clinical disease information, as well as vaccine recommendations and vaccination resources, for common so,e of meningitis. Skip directly to site content Inreresting directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Minus Related Pages. Bacterial Meningitis.
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Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. Bacterial meningitis is most commonly caused by one of three types of bacteria: Haemophilus influenzae type b, Neisseria The bacteria are spread by direct close contact with the. How can I prevent acute bacterial meningitis? Children ages 2 to 10 with a weak immune system. Students living in dorms. Military recruits. People who are traveling to areas where meningitis is common. People whose jobs put them at risk, such as workers in a medical lab. Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis.
Meningitis is an infection of the thin layer of tissue that covers your brain and spinal cord. This layer of tissue is called the meninges. In bacterial meningitis, infection of the meninges is caused by bacteria.
Without treatment, meningitis can damage your brain and cause death. That's why bacterial meningitis is an emergency. Meningitis caused by viruses viral meningitis isn't usually as dangerous. Babies and children under 2 usually have a fever and appear irritable but may not have a stiff neck. To diagnose meningitis, doctors do a spinal tap.
Bacterial meningitis is dangerous and can cause serious complications if it isn't treated. If you think you or someone else might have meningitis, go to the hospital right away. Bacterial meningitis happens when bacteria get into the fluid between your brain and the thin layer of tissue covering your brain.
You may get the bacteria from:. From an infection you already have, for example, an ear infection or sinus infection. Different kinds of bacteria can cause meningitis. Which bacteria you have depends on your age, how strong your immune system is, and how you got the infection. Symptoms are different depending on the person's age. At any age, symptoms can get worse quickly. So if you think someone has symptoms of meningitis, take them to a doctor right away.
At first, babies may just have a fever and not appear very sick. However, babies may quickly develop other signs, such as:. Older children and adults usually start with mild symptoms similar to a cold or other viral infection.
Soon after that they get:. Children who survive bacterial meningitis sometimes have permanent brain and nerve complications such as:. Increased amount of fluid in the brain hydrocephalus. Doctors do tests to look for bacteria in the fluid surrounding your brain and spinal cord spinal fluid.
To get the spinal fluid, doctors do a:. Spinal tap lumbar puncture. In a spinal tap, doctors put a long, thin needle in your lower back. They take out a little spinal fluid for testing. Spinal fluid flows through a channel between the middle and inner layer of tissues meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord.
To remove a sample of this fluid, a doctor inserts a small, hollow needle between two bones vertebrae in the lower spine, below the point where the spinal cord ends. Usually, people lie on their side with their knees curled to their chest. This position widens the space between the vertebrae, so that the doctor can avoid hitting the bones when the needle is inserted. Because bacterial meningitis can get worse so fast, they'll give you the antibiotics as soon as possible, sometimes even before they finish doing tests.
Because bacterial meningitis may cause many serious problems, you'll need to stay in the hospital, perhaps in the intensive care unit ICU. In addition to antibiotics, doctors may give you corticosteroids. Corticosteroids can help prevent complications by lessening the inflammation and swelling in your brain and nerves. Most people recover completely from bacterial meningitis if they get treated right away. Waiting too long for treatment can be dangerous or even deadly.
Vaccines are available to prevent some types of bacterial meningitis. Some of the vaccines are recommended for everyone and are included in routine childhood shots. Other vaccines are just for people at high risk:.
Children ages 2 to 10 with a weak immune system. If you've been in close contact with someone who has meningitis, doctors will give you antibiotics to lower your chance of getting it. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world.
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What are the symptoms of bacterial meningitis? Symptoms of meningitis in infants and babies Symptoms of meningitis in older children and adults What are the complications of bacterial meningitis? How can doctors tell if I have bacterial meningitis? How do doctors treat bacterial meningitis? How can I prevent acute bacterial meningitis? Test your knowledge. When to stop breastfeeding wean the infant depends on the needs and desires of both mother and baby. However, it is preferable for a mother to wait until the infant is at least how many months old before completely weaning?
More Content. Quick Facts. Click here for the Professional Version. Get the full details. Older children and adults with meningitis usually have a fever, headache, and stiff neck.
As meningitis gets worse, people get sleepy and confused and then go into a coma. Doctors treat bacterial meningitis with antibiotics as soon as possible. Tissues Covering the Brain. Someone else who has an infection. Bacterial meningitis isn't common but you're more likely to get it if you:. Had contact with someone with meningitis. Have a weakened immune system. Unlike older children, babies under 2 usually don't have a stiff neck.
Become confused or less alert. How a Spinal Tap Is Done Spinal fluid flows through a channel between the middle and inner layer of tissues meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord. Doctors collect spinal fluid in test tubes and send it to a lab for testing. If doctors even suspect bacterial meningitis, they'll give you:. One or more antibiotics by vein IV. Two important measures are:.
People whose jobs put them at risk, such as workers in a medical lab. Ask your doctor about which vaccines you and your children should have. Was This Page Helpful? Yes No.
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